Speech Sound Disorders and Articulation
Speech sound disorders refer to any combination of difficulties with perception, motor production, or the phonological representation of speech sounds and speech segments that impact speech intelligibility. In children, this disorder occurs when the child continues to make speech mistakes past the normal age of acquisition. In adults, this disorder may also be acquired from a stroke or head injury.
Assessment may consist of a formal articulation test to evaluate specific sound errors or possible error patterns, and an oral examination to determine whether the muscles of the mouth are working correctly. For children, the SLP often also evaluates their language development to determine overall communication functioning. Individuals may be evaluated by a team of graduate student clinicians under direct supervision of a certified instructor. One or two sessions may be scheduled, followed by an information-sharing session and a complete written report.
Speech treatment will focus on identifying appropriate targets and facilitating correct production and generalization of those targets into normal speech. Therapy sessions are tailored to the specific needs of each client, with input from the client or client’s family. Most clients attend a 30-60 minute one-on-one session.